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Multiwall carbon nanotubes: A review on synthesis and applications


Manisha Vijay Makwana* and Ajay M Patel  


MWCNTs are elongated cylindrical nanoobjects made of sp2 carbon. They have a diameter of 3–30 nm and can grow to be several centimetres long. Therefore, their aspect ratio can range between 10 to 10 million. Carbon nanotubes are the foundation of nanotechnology. It is an exceptionally fascinating material. CNTs possess excellent properties such as mechanical, electrical, thermal, high adsorption, outstanding stiffness, high strength and low density with a high aspect ratio. These properties can be useful in the fabrication of revolutionary smart nano materials. Demand for lighter and more robust nano materials in different applications of nanotechnology is increasing every day. Various synthesis techniques for the fabrication of MWCNTs, such as CVD, Arc discharge, flame synthesis, laser ablation, and spray pyrolysis, are discussed in this review article, as are their recent applications in a variety of significant fields. The first section presents a brief introduction of CNTs, then the descriptions of synthesis methods and various applications of MWCNTs in the field of energy storage and conversion, biomedical, water treatment, drug delivery, biosensors, bucky papers and resonance-based biosensors are introduced in the second section. Due to their improved electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties, MWCNTs have been extensively used in the manufacturing and deployment of flexible sensors.


CNTs, MWCNTs, SWCNTs, CVD, laser ablation, synthesis techniques, applications


Mechanical Engineering Department A.D. Patel Institute of Technology New Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, Mechatronics Engineering Department, G.H. Patel College of Engineering & Technology Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat

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