Hojat Dehestani, Abdolhosein Haddad* and Hassan Karimi-Maleh*
Layered silicates (nanoclay) are new types of nanomaterials derived from clay minerals with wide range application in different fields such as catalysts, soil industry and etc. Nanoclays are wide ranges of naturally occurring inorganic minerals with different derivatives. Montmorillonite is a well-known nanoclay consisting of 2:1 layered structure with two-silica tetrahedron sandwiching an alumina octahedron. In nature, nanoclays can be found in both crystalline (phyllosilicates) and non-crystalline (imogolite) forms. . Nanoclays incorporated into polymer matrices have demonstrated a significant capability to improve the tensile and barrier properties of soil. Nanoclays play a vital role in enhancing soil quality due to its high surface area and porous structure. On the other hand, due to the positive charge of sand grains and the chemical compositions of clay particles, the negatively charged clay particles help to create a good condition to improving soil properties. According to the best of our knowledge, there is not any review paper for study the role of nanoclays on soil samples. This review paper describes the role of nanoclay compounds in the improved properties of soil samples and introduces different types of modified nanoclays used in soil samples. Reported results showed nanoclays with the complex structures are useful nanomaterials for improving the quality of soil samples.
Nanoclay, Soil, Layered silicates, crystalline, non-crystalline, nanotechnology
Faculty of Civil Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Department of Chemical Engineering, Laboratory of Nanotechnology, Quchan University of Technology, Quchan, Department of Chemistry, Laboratory of Nanotechnology, Quchan University of Technology, Quchan