Priya Gupta*, Savita Maurya, Narendra K. Pandey and Vernica Verma Pages 270 - 289 ( 20 )
This review paper encompasses a study of metal-oxide and their composite based gas sensors used for the detection of ammonia (NH3) gas. Metal-oxide has come into view as an encouraging choice in the gas sensor industry. This review paper focuses on the ammonia sensing principle of the metal oxides. It also includes various approaches adopted for increasing the gas sensitivity of metal-oxide sensors. Increasing the sensitivity of the ammonia gas sensor includes size effects and doping by metal or other metal oxides, which will change the microstructure and morphology of the metal oxides. Different parameters that affect the performances like sensitivity, stability and selectivity of gas sensors are discussed in this paper. Performances of the most operated metal oxides with strengths and limitations in ammonia gas sensing applications are reviewed. The challenges for the development of high sensitive and selective ammonia gas sensors are also discussed.
Ammonia, gas sensor, metal-oxide, sensitivity, response time, recovery time.
Electronics and Communication Department, Integral University, Lucknow-226026, Electronics and Communication Department, Integral University, Lucknow-226026, Physics Department, University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007, Physics Department, University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007