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Comparison of the Effects of Silver in Nanostructured and Ultrahigh Diluted Form on Growth and Volatile Compounds Produced by Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus

[ Vol. 10 , Issue. 3 ]


Fateme Mirzajani* and Amin Hamidi   Pages 316 - 329 ( 14 )


Background: In this project, the growth and volatile metabolites profiles of Escherichia coli (E. coli ) and Staphylococcus aureus were monitored under the influence of silver base chemical, nanoparticle and ultra-highly diluted compounds.

Materials and Methods: The treatments were done for 12000 life cycles using silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as well as ultra-highly diluted Argentum nitricum (Arg-n). Volatile organic metabolites analysis was performed using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The results indicated that AgNPs treatment made the bacteria resistant and adapted to growth in the nanoparticle condition. The use of ultra-highly diluted Arg-n initially increased growth but it decreased later. Also, with the continuous usage of these materials, no more bacterial growth was observed.

Results: The most important compounds produced by E. coli are Acetophenone, Octyl acetate, Styrene, 1,8-cineole, 4-t-butyl-2-(1-methyl-2-nitroethyl)cyclohexane, hexadecane and 2-Undecanol. The main compounds derived from S. aureus are Acetophenone,1,8-cineole, Benzaldehyde, 2-Hexan-1-ol, Tridecanol, Dimethyl Octenal and tetradecane. Acetophenone and 1,8-cineole were common and produced by both organisms.

Conclusion: Based on the origin of the produced volatiles, main volatiles percentage of untreated sample is hydrocarbon (>50%), while bacteria treatments convert the ratio in to aldehydes, ketones and alcohols in the case of AgNPs, (>80%) and aldehydes, ketones and terpenes in the case of Arg-n (>70%).


Ultra-high diluted compound, silver nanoparticle, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, volatile metabolite, gas chromatography.


Protein Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C. Evin, Tehran, Protein Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C. Evin, Tehran

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