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Studies on the Fe3+ Doping Effect on Structural, Optical and Catalytic Properties of Hydrothermally Synthesized TiO2 Photocatalyst

[ Vol. 7 , Issue. 2 ]


Ravi Kamble, Sandip Sabale*, Prashant Chikode, Vijaya Puri, Xiao-Ying Yu and Smita Mahajan   Pages 230 - 242 ( 13 )


Objective: Pure TiO2 and Fe3+-TiO2 nanoparticles have been prepared by a simple hydrothermal method with different Fe3+ concentrations.

Method: The synthesized nanoparticles are analysed to determine its structural, optical, morphological and compositional properties using X-ray diffraction, Raman, UV-DRS, photoluminescence, Mossbauer, XPS, TEM and SEM/EDS. The EDS micrograph confirms the existence of Fe3+ atoms in the TiO2 matrix with 0.85, 1.52 and 1.87 weight percent. The crystallite size and band gap decrease with increasing Fe3+concentration. The average particle size obtained from TEM is 7-11 nm, in good agreement with XRD results. Raman bands at 640 cm-1, 517 cm-1 and 398 cm-1 further confirm pure phase anatase in all samples. XPS results show the proper substitutions of a few sites of Ti4+ ions by Fe3+ ions in the TiO2 host lattice.

Conclusion: The intensity of PL spectra for Fe3+-TiO2shows a gradual decrease in the peak intensity with increasing Fe3+concentration in TiO2, and it indicates a lower recombination rate as the Fe3+ ion concentration increases. These nanoparticles are further studied for its photocatalytic activities using malachite green dye under UV, visible and sunlight.


Hydrothermal synthesis, Fe3+-TiO2, properties, visible light photocatalyst, nanoparticles, UVDRS.


Department of Physics, Jaysingpur College, Jaysingpur-416101, P.G. Department of Chemistry, Jaysingpur College, Jaysingpur-416101, Maharashtra, Department of Physics, Jaysingpur College, Jaysingpur-416101, Department of Physics, Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416004, Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA 99352, Department of Physics, Jaysingpur College, Jaysingpur-416101

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