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Preparation of Carbon Nanotubes via Chemical Technique (Modified Staudenmaier Method)

[ Vol. 7 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Buthainah Ali, Dayang R. A. Biak, Sapuan S. M., Zaidan A. W., Alnuami W., Mohamed Yusoff H. and Siti Masrinda T   Pages 113 - 122 ( 10 )

Abstract:


The chemical method is one of the most promising routes for the production of multi-walled carbon nanotubes. In this study, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were successfully synthesized by the modified Staudenmaier method. MWCNTs were synthesized using graphite powder at room temperature. This process does not utilize any metal catalyst. The prepared multi-walled carbon nanotubes were characterized for their crystalline, structural and thermal stability properties. The structural, crystalline and morphological characterization of The produced MWCNTs were performed by using scanning electron microscopy(SEM), transmission electron microscopy(TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis(TGA), Raman analysis, and atomic force microscopy( AFM). Crystallinity and graphitization degree was observed for the produced MWCNTs have a diameter of 13.1 nm. The yield is approximately 10% of the carbon source (graphite). Moreover, the obtained MWCNTs have high thermal stability and oxidation resistance lower than 401.80 °C. The present approach provides a simple low cost and easy method of MWCNTs synthesis.

Keywords:

Multi-walled carbon nanotubes, modified staudenmaier, graphite, diameter, yield, CNTs.

Affiliation:

Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University Putra Malaysia 43400, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University Putra Malaysia 43400, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University Putra Malaysia 43400, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University Putra Malaysia 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Department of Biological and Agricultural, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University Putra Malaysia 43400, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor



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